Hydrogen - use in transport

Slovenia also states in its action plans the use of hydrogen as a fuel in transport. The future for hydrogen is good, both vehicle manufacturers and other mobility professionals are convinced.


Hydrogen powered vehicles work without causing emissions, since only water vapour comes out of the exhaust. Such vehicles do not produce traditional combustion but operate on the principle of electron exchange. During the reaction process, hydrogen reacts with oxygen, and then the fuel cells convert the generated energy directly into electricity. Hydrogen powered fuel cell vehicles with four kilograms in tanks have a range of more than 400 kilometres, which is a huge advantage over battery powered electric cars. It is gaseous and odourless, very light in colour, non-toxic and without risk to humans or the environment. Exhaust only releases water vapour and warm air.


The latest forecasts thus suggest that between 2040 and 2050, about 80 or even more than 95 percent of passenger cars will be electrified. However, this does not mean that they will be battery electric vehicles only. Market share will grow for vehicles that have fuel cells that generate electricity from hydrogen. The largest share in this whole period, however, is forecast for connecting hybrids and hybrid vehicles.

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